Today’s Google Doodle options Maria Firmina dos Reis, a Brazilian writer and educator. October 11, 2019, is Firmina dos Reis’ 194th birthday, and Google is honoring her life and her contribution to ending slavery in Brazil.
Maria Firmina dos Reis was born on October 11, 1825, three years after Brazil declared independence from Portugal, to a Brazilian girl and a black slave.
Born on the São Luís island in Maranhão, Firmina dos Reis grew up on the mainland, in her aunt’s home, in keeping with Google Doodle. She was raised by her mom and grandmother and was educated at house. At 22, Firmina dos Reis started educating at an elementary faculty, earlier than founding Brazil’s first free and combined faculty.
As properly as being an educator, Firmina dos Reis wrote poetry, essays, and tales in newspapers and journals, and composed abolitionist songs. She can be Brazil’s first novelist; her antislavery novel Úrsula was printed in 1859 underneath the title Uma Mranhense, which suggests a Maranhão girl.
In her novel, Firmina dos Reis wrote: “It is horrible to remember that human creatures treat their fellow men like this.”
Firmina dos Reis lived to see the 1888 “Golden Law” which ended slavery in Brazil. She died in 1917 on the age of 92.
During her lifetime, Firmina dos Reis was comparatively unknown exterior her state and after her demise was largely forgotten about. It is believed that her work wasn’t acknowledged for just a few causes, together with as a result of she was a poor girl, and since she lived removed from Brazil’s capital.
But in 1962, her work, together with “Úrsula,” was found by a collector by means of a second-hand supplier, in keeping with the journal article “The Slave Woman”.
In 1975, a ebook titled Maria Firmina, Fragments of Her Life was printed. It included her brief tales, poems, biographical data, and newspaper clippings. Úrsula has since been reprinted, and in 2004, two college presses in Brazil included Úrsula in a important version.
The Google Doodle was illustrated by Porto Alegre and Nik Neves. In an interview with Google, Neves stated he created the doodle as a result of, “Maria Firmina dos Reis is one incredible woman, writer, educator, and composer who was completely erased from cultural history. For me, this is completely unacceptable.”
Though there aren’t any images of Firmina dos Reis, with the Doodle, Neves “intended to show how strong and proud she was as a black woman in a country that still had slavery, and how relevant her work is today.”