Some Swedish Hospitals Have Stopped Using Chloroquine to Treat COVID-19 After Reports of Severe Side Effects

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Several hospitals in Sweden have reportedly stopped administering chloroquine to coronavirus sufferers following studies the drug was inflicting opposed unwanted side effects.

According to the nationwide paper Expressen, hospitals within the Västra Götaland area are not providing the antimalarial treatment, with unwanted side effects reported to incorporate cramps and the lack of peripheral imaginative and prescient.

One of the sufferers affected was Carl Sydenhag, a 40-year-old Stockholm resident. According to Expressen, Sydenhag was prescribed two tablets of chloroquine to take each day after he was identified with COVID-19 on March 23.

But as a substitute of constructing him really feel higher, the treatment produced disagreeable unwanted side effects. As nicely as cramps and imaginative and prescient loss, Sydenhag skilled a headache that felt like getting into “a high voltage plant,” he informed the paper.

Magnus Gisslén, a professor and chief doctor at Sahlgrenska University Hospital an infection clinic, informed the Gothenburg Post he and others on the clinic administered chloroquine “like everyone else.” But as of two weeks in the past, Sahlgrenska University Hospital has stopped all use of chloroquine within the therapy of COVID-19.

“There were reports of suspected more serious side effects than we first thought,” he informed the Gothenburg Post on April 1, 2020. “We cannot rule out serious side effects, especially from the heart, and it is a hard-dosed drug. In addition, we have no strong evidence that chloroquine has an effect on COVID-19.”

There aren’t any particular medicine used to deal with the novel coronavirus however many have pointed to the anti-malarial medicine chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine as contenders.

President Donald Trump has touted the usage of hydroxychloroquine particularly, claiming “very very encouraging early results” and saying on Sunday the federal authorities had stockpiled 29 million capsules of hydroxychloroquine for the therapy of COVID-19. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) permitted the usage of the antimalarial treatment final month.

Some Swedish Hospitals Have Stopped Using Chloroquine to Treat COVID-19 After Reports of Severe Side Effects
Medical workers exhibits on February 26, 2020 on the IHU Mediterranee Infection Institute in Marseille, packets of a Nivaquine, tablets containing chloroquine and Plaqueril, tablets containing hydroxychloroquine. Medics in some Swedish hospitals have stopped prescribing the antimalarial therapies for COVID-19 after studies of opposed reactions. GERARD JULIEN/AFP/Getty

This is even if the medicine have achieved combined leads to scientific research. One examine urged it supplies no extra profit to sufferers who’re already receiving care and being handled with antiviral medicine.

Another from researchers in France that has been broadly cited by these in favor of utilizing the chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine discovered the medicine dramatically decrease viral load in COVID-19 sufferers. However, it has been criticized for its poor design, The Financial Times studies.

A paper printed final week went even additional, disputing its claims and discovering no proof of antiviral clearence or scientific good thing about utilizing hydroxychloroquine and azithromycin to deal with COVID-19.

Speaking on CBS’ Face the Nation, Dr. Anthony Fauci stated “the data are really just at best suggestive” on the subject of the advantage of utilizing hydroxychloroquine to deal with COVID-19.

“There have been cases that show there may be an effect and there are others to show there’s no effect. So I think in terms of science, I don’t think we could definitively say it works.”

The beneath infographic from Statista exhibits the variety of confirmed COVID-19 circumstances within the U.S. as of April 6, 2020 at 3:00 a.m.

Some Swedish Hospitals Have Stopped Using Chloroquine to Treat COVID-19 After Reports of Severe Side Effects
Spread of COVID-19 within the U.S. Statista

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Advice on Using Face Coverings to Slow Spread of COVID-19

  • CDC recommends carrying a material face masking in public the place social distancing measures are tough to take care of.
  • A easy material face masking might help sluggish the unfold of the virus by these contaminated and by those that don’t exhibit signs.
  • Cloth face coverings may be long-established from home goods. Guides are offered by the CDC. (https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prevent-getting-sick/diy-cloth-face-coverings.html)
  • Cloth face coverings ought to be washed commonly. A washer will suffice.
  • Practice secure removing of face coverings by not touching eyes, nostril, and mouth, and wash arms instantly after eradicating the masking.

World Health Organization recommendation for avoiding unfold of coronavirus illness (COVID-19)

Hygiene recommendation

  • Clean arms continuously with cleaning soap and water, or alcohol-based hand rub.
  • Wash arms after coughing or sneezing; when caring for the sick; earlier than, throughout and after meals preparation; earlier than consuming; after utilizing the bathroom; when arms are visibly soiled; and after dealing with animals or waste.
  • Maintain not less than 1 meter (Three toes) distance from anybody who’s coughing or sneezing.
  • Avoid touching your arms, nostril and mouth. Do not spit in public.
  • Cover your mouth and nostril with a tissue or bent elbow when coughing or sneezing. Discard the tissue instantly and clear your arms.

Medical recommendation

  • Avoid shut contact with others you probably have any signs.
  • Stay at house should you really feel unwell, even with gentle signs equivalent to headache and runny nostril, to keep away from potential unfold of the illness to medical services and different folks.
  • If you develop critical signs (fever, cough, issue respiration) search medical care early and phone native well being authorities upfront.
  • Note any latest contact with others and journey particulars to offer to authorities who can hint and forestall unfold of the illness.
  • Stay updated on COVID-19 developments issued by well being authorities and comply with their steerage.

Mask and glove utilization

  • Healthy people solely must put on a masks if taking good care of a sick individual.
  • Wear a masks if you’re coughing or sneezing.
  • Masks are efficient when utilized in mixture with frequent hand cleansing.
  • Do not contact the masks whereas carrying it. Clean arms should you contact the masks.
  • Learn find out how to correctly placed on, take away and eliminate masks. Clean arms after disposing of the masks.
  • Do not reuse single-use masks.
  • Regularly washing naked arms is more practical in opposition to catching COVID-19 than carrying rubber gloves.
  • The COVID-19 virus can nonetheless be picked up on rubber gloves and transmitted by touching your face.